Greenwich Park has strong links to the Huguenot
community through Salomon de Caus. Salomon was
born in Northern France in 1576.
Inspired by the gardens he saw in Europe , particularly
Italy , he became famous as a hydraulic engineer.
This meant he designed fountains and grand water
features. In England he designed a garden on
the site now occupied by the Maritime Museum
Park and also the garden of Somerset House
. As a Huguenot he spent much of his life as
a refugee. He died in 1626.
Church, Spitalfields, viewed from Brushfield
Church Spitalfields was designed and
built by Nicholas Hawksmoor in 1714-29 .
The church was commissioned by parliament
under the Fifty New Churches Act of 1711.
This act aimed to combat the spread of Non-Conformism
to the established Church of England .
The Huguenots, fleeing religious persecution
in France had come to Spitalfields to work
in the local silkweaving industry. By
building Christ Church the establishment
challenged the non-conformist Huguenot community.
This view of Bishopsgate
tells us a lot about the people who lived and
worked there in 1736. On the right hand side
of the picture a shopkeeper has displayed stockings
on poles. Stocking weaving was a trade linked
to Huguenots and it is possible that this shop
was run by Huguenot refugees
', by William Hogarth (detail). 1738
This picture represents
the congregation coming out of the French Church
in Hog Lane . In front of the congregation
are a couple dressed in fine silk clothes.
Spitalfields, Erected by the French refugees
in 1743, leased to the Wesleyans in 1819 and
restored in 1869
The Huguenot community
were refugees running away from religious persecution.
At first they used existing protestant churches
in England . However, it was very important
for them to establish their own.
'Prentices at their Looms" (Industry and
Idleness), William Hogarth, 1747.
created 'picture stories' which commented on
issues of the day. In his series of drawings
on industry and idleness he follows the fortunes
of two young weavers. Here they are shown learning
their craft, one applies himself whilst the
other is clearly bored and restless. After
many adventures, one apprentice is executed
whilst the other becomes Lord Mayor.
Although there is a moral to Hogarth's prints,
he also gave us a very clear picture of the
way in which the Huguenot weaver's would
St Matthew's, Bethnal
St Matthews church
in Bethnal Green had Huguenot worshippers.
Certainly Huguenot families living in streets
such as Hare Street worshipped at St Matthews.
Hare Court, Spitalfields,
Hare Court shows typical weaver's cottages.
Look for the large windows in the top floor
rooms. Weavers needed a lot of light for their
houses in Croom's Hill, Greenwich
Some Huguenot settlers
became wealthy people and a number of them
settled in Croom Hill, Greenwich.
The Grange, Croom's Hill, Greenwich
A number of refugees
settled in Croom Hill, Greenwich . This interior
view gives a strong sense of the grand houses
and Westminster Bridge C.1770
In 1750 the first
Westminster Bridge was built by Charles Labelye,
a Huguenot engineer.
Protestant Church, Soho, built 1891. Doorway.
The carving above
the door is done in a simple and modern style.
It shows Edward VI giving his charter to refugees
in 1550. Edward VI was the son of Henry VIII.
Protestant Church, Soho, built 1891.
This church was
built in 1891. Before it was opened Huguenots
had worshipped at different churches, including
the Orange Street , Leicester Square Congregational
Church. This was founded by Huguenots in 1693.
Street and Brick Lane, 1914.
These houses on the corner of Hanbury Street
and Brick Lane show typical weavers cottages.
The large windows let in a lot of light so the
weaver could see the intricate work. If you
look carefully you can still find houses which
were used by the weavers .
Weaver in a Garret,
This print was
made in 1910. In the nineteenth century weaving
declined as an industry. The industrial revolution
meant that cloth could be made more cheaply
in factories. However, it was still possible
to find people making a living from the trade
in to the early twentieth century