England is ruled by the Roman Catholic James the Second. The Protestant majority in England are suspicious of his intentions. They are afraid he will start to persecute them in the way King Louis is persecuting the Huguenots in France. The Huguenot refugees are cautious too. At first they prefer to go to the Dutch Republic rather than England.
England has laws restricting the rights of Roman Catholics and Nonconformists. (Nonconformists are English Protestants who do not worship in the Church of England.) In April King James publishes a Declaration of Indulgence which suspends these laws. It is intended partly to help the Catholics, partly to win political support from the Nonconformists.
The Huguenots in France are reassured by the Declaration of Indulgence. They begin to come to England in much greater numbers. In May, the month after the Declaration is announced, over 500 newly arrived refugees present themselves at the French Church in Threadneedle Street.
One of the important issues from the Huguenot viewpoint is the new toleration of Nonconformists. Though some Huguenots, when they come to England, are happy to worship in the Anglican way, many would rather continue with their old form of services, as well as continuing to run their churches as self-governing communities.